• Hotel For Sale in Kato Akourdhalia

    Hotel For Sale in Kato Akourdhalia

    Hotel For Sale in Kato Akourdhalia, Paphos

    Paphos is one of the calmest and unwinding resorts in Cyprus with lovely nature and reach culture. In Paphos You can discover one of the vineyard concentration locations.

    Here You will discover a large choice of Hotel For Sale in Kato Akourdhalia. In iListers You can buy a Hotel of Your dream in Kato Akourdhalia at inexpensive costs.

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    CYPRUS PROPERTY MARKET 2021 – BUYING A PROPERTY IN PAPHOS

    CYPRUS PROPERTY ROUNDUP– BUYING PROPERTY IN PAPHOS

    Purchasers from all over the world are beginning to reveal increasing interest in buying residential or commercial properties in Cyprus, and it will be a smart decision for you to do the same by making Cyprus your favored destination for purchasing residential or commercial properties in 2019.

    Here are some reasons buying property in Cyprus is ideal-

    1. Get high-end for less.

      If you mean to buy a vacation home this year, you can go ahead to compare the price of Cyprus to other popular hotspots all over the world. This incredible masterpiece of an island is located at the Europe-middle east crossroads, and the prices of its properties are very much favorable. If you want to buy a home in central Paphos, you will get one for far more affordable than if you purchased a similar property elsewhere in other cities across the Mediterranean. Once again, in current times, the freshly planned advancements taking place in Paphos consist of high-end rental properties, deluxe health clubs, outstanding beach clubs, and more and they are proving to be rivals of the amazing neighborhoods of Dubai, of course, with more reduced rates. This is a perfect time to purchase high-end properties in Cyprus that will yield advantages later.

    2. Gold is the target.

      Now you’re presented with the opportunity to make a financial investment on a new property in Cyprus and in exchange get citizenship (plus an EU passport), and this has actually continued to bring in non-EU buyers who have a high net worth. There are property specialists all over Cyprus that assist buyers from different parts of the world to make financial investments in the brand-new construct homes in Cyprus to assist them match the requirements of the Golden Visa.

    3. Find a bright future in Paphos.

      In 2017, Paphos was crowned as the European capital in terms of culture. As the events went on, Paphos revealed the world its fantastic antiquities. It was able to establish itself on the world map to be a genuine cosmopolitan city. With its public areas receiving an upgrade, as well as, with improvements to its facilities, Paphos has actually effectively taken Cyprus to new heights. Then again, you ‘d find that Ryanair now has more than 15 additional flight routes that take you into Paphos and out. There’s, also, Cobalt Air which has introduced flights directly to some major cities on the planet like Moscow from Paphos.

    WHERE TO PURCHASE A PROPERTY IN PAPHOS – BEST LOCATIONS TO BUY PROPERTY IN CYPRUS.

    No matter where it is that you wind up in Cyprus, you will always be close to the sea. Now, let us take you through a list of very popular locations that are appealing to foreign buyers. A few of these beautiful places are swarming with towns, in addition to smaller towns, and you will find numerous sites that deal on residential or commercial properties in Cyprus to check out.

    Kato Akourdhalia

    Kato Akourdhalia (Greek: Κάτω Ακουρδάλια) (alternative spellings are Kato Akourdalia or Kato Akourdaleia) is a village in the Paphos District of Cyprus, located 2 km northwest of Miliou.

    The name ‘Akourdhalia’ has several purported roots. The first is from the French ‘a cour de l’eau’, meaning “in the course of the water”, or ‘Au cœur de l’eau’ meaning ‘in the heart of water’ or ‘à cœur de lion’, meaning “with a lion’s heart”, which hearkens back to the time of the Kingdom of Cyprus where Provençal was spoken as well as Cypriot Greek. Another interpretation refers to the local dialect word ‘korda’, that has two possible meanings. The first is the long strong rope made in the village and the second, for wild garlic which grows in abundance in the surrounding fields. Nearchos Klerides, who extensively researched the origins of names of towns and villages in Cyprus, believed in the “string” interpretation of “korda” as a special belt that the villagers or the members of the Lusignan battalion wore around their waist. A final interpretation is the combination of two Greek words translating to ‘listen to the birds’. A point to note is that during the Venetian rule of Cyprus (1489 – 1571) the village is recorded under the name Quardia (the term meaning Garrison or Guard).

    On the outskirts of Kato Akourdhalia is a track which leads to the recently restored church of Agia Paraskevi which is said to date back to the 15th century. Originally, the church was full of frescoes but now most of them are faded or have totally disappeared. There is a stone altar inside with the remains of an old icon dedicated to the Virgin Mary.

    Amongst the traditionally-styled whitewashed houses nestling between almond trees, there is a small coffee shop in Kato Akourdhalia. Also to be found is what used to be the village manor house, which has a rich history dating back over a hundred years. The building has since been renovated and converted into a group of self-catering suites for holidaymakers with a restaurant downstairs offering traditional Cypriot cuisine.

    The Museum of Folk Art is situated high on the hillside in the old schoolhouse. The museum houses various interesting artefacts from years gone by, many of which were used to cultivate small areas of land with wheat, chickpeas and barley. There are hand ploughs with stout wooden shafts and several large metal sieves used for sifting the soil. There are traditional costumes too, and there are faded old photographs of the village men resplendent in their vrakas and stout leather boots and the women in dresses of striped hand-woven cotton with matching headscarves and large protective aprons. The villagers would wear these costumes for all big celebrations and would weave the cloth on large wooden looms like the one that stands proudly in the corner, as well as making colourful rugs for the walls and floors of their homes.

    Outside the museum, a traditional clay bread oven can be seen with its smaller side oven that is used to cook the popular local dish kleftiko, which is chunks of lamb that are baked slowly in terracotta pots with marjoram. Close by, stands a zivania still which was used at the end of the grape harvest to make the local variety of fire water. As well as making your head spin, zivania is also known for its medicinal properties. So you can either drink the stuff to forget about your aches and pains, or rub it into any sore areas – the end result is the same.

    Rupert Gunnis, describing the village in 1936, stated that:

    “The lower village… contains a ruined chapel dedicated to the Panagia. It is also known as the Church of the Hill Covered with Shrubs. A curious legend lingers in the village of a wealthy and eccentric Englishman who lived here in the early years of the nineteenth century, and his house is still pointed out by the villagers.”

    References

    KATO PAPHOS.

    Popularly known as UNESCO’s World Heritage town, the lovely Kato Paphos location lies on Cyprus’ southwestern coast. If you are looking at Cyprus as the best country to want or retire to transfer to Cyprus to have a much better life for your family, Paphos will make a terrific choice. Paphos was pronounced as the capital of culture in Europe in 2017, and it has an international airport in close distance.

    The Tourist Details Workplace of the Tourism Organization of Cyprus sits right in Kato Paphos. You can continue walking on the seaside promenade till you get to its little harbor that has a medieval fort and get advised about Cyprus’ history.

    There is an area called St Paul’s pillar which you can get to by crossing St Paul’s Avenue, and according to custom, this is seen as the place where St Paul was flogged before he got the Roman guv transformed Christianity. Ahead lies the Agia Solomoni which is seen as a synagogue in the past with a massive terebinth tree which is arrayed with scarfs that are knotted and exist as offerings from faithful. Simply a little more and you will find the exceptional underground burial places which are suggested for kings and carved from solid rock. On your return journey, you could merely visit the aquarium.

    Given that Paphos is among the most wanted locations worldwide, the rates of residential or commercial properties here are relatively greater when compared to other locations on the island. Houses that permit you to access pool cost numerous countless euros, and you will discover that beachside rental properties can cost as much as millions. If you just want to lease an apartment while attempting to choose if to purchase, you could get one for at least EUR 500 a month.

    PEYIA.

    Peyia sits on Cyprus’ far west coast at the location where its hills neglect Coral Bay. Just like the Kato Paphos, a lot of British migrants and travelers from all over the world love to visit Peyia. You can describe it as a blended zone as you will find many Britons, Cypriots, as well as, Russians and more recently Chinese describing it as their house.

    There are a great deal of enjoyable activities to do in Peyia, and they vary from walking in its hills to visiting the Turtle Bay which is a natural reserve and taking part in a game of golf. Then again, it is very near the green forests of West Cyprus that makes it a sanctuary for tourists who enjoy nature.

    For individuals who wish to get property in Peyia, you’ll require to spending plan around EUR 120,000 for townhouses although you may have the ability to find apartment or condos for lower. The rates for its high-end vacation homes will vary from EUR 200,000 and above.

    CHLORAKA.

    When it pertains to property purchases, Chloraka is ideal as it has every necessity for living like grocery stores, banks, medical professionals, gasoline station, and more and it would just take you some minutes to get to Paphos Harbor or the Coral Bay, in addition to, fantastic sand beaches. Mostly renowned for a boat called the Agios Georgios, which was essential in ammunition importation as the Freedom Battle went on between 1955 and 1959 and ultimately rock-crashed due to a storm, Chloraka has schools located in the village, and there is a very remarkable Orthodox Church referred to as the Agios Georgios.

    You will find a range of great meals being served in the restaurants consisting of the Meze, global meals, and more. You’ll find a lot of excellent residential or commercial properties to buy in Chloraka.

    WHY NOW IS The Very Best TIME TO PURCHASE PROPERTY IN CYPRUS.

    There is no other time that is better than now to purchase property in Cyprus. Here are some reasons that you must consider making a property financial investment in Kato, Paphos, Peyia, Chloraka and more–.

    • Cultural Paphos.

      As the capital of culture and a long period of time prior to the world calls it time on the historical events, the art, music, and more, the level of monetary investment will constantly be on the increase. Over EUR25 million have been dedicated to facilities as essentially all centers, websites, and squares have actually been restored.

    • Abolished Unmovable Property Tax.

      It is frequently tough to get great news with regards to taxes, however if you are set to buy a property in Cyprus, you will find that the Immovable Real Estate Tax has actually been eliminated. This tax that includes the payment of yearly rates depending on property value has gone extinct as Cyprus seeks to run a system that is less intricate and promote openness.

    • The Amazing Beaches.

      While you are getting delighted about the tax permissions, do not forget that the island still possesses 49 fantastic beaches, as well as, sunshine throughout the year.

    • Rentals.

      With the stable boost in the increase of tourists to Cyprus, having a property is perfect as you can lease them out to tourists and you must have no trouble with finding tourists to lease your stunning home in exchange for good money.

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    What types of residential or commercial properties can you purchase?

    If you are reading this, you most likely currently have a strong interest in Cyprus, however it is possible that you have not taken a look at all the alternatives with respect to choosing what kind of property to buy. What the majority of people do is to acquire a holiday home that they can come to unwind 2 to 3 times annually. However, is it possible that they could purchase buy-to-let properties which they will still be able to pay visits to but generate income while they are missing? Here some options to think about -.

    • Residential houses.

      In Cyprus, you will discover a wide range of properties that individuals who want to move will discover appealing. The properties might not constantly be new, and you will discover ruins that require a restorer.

    • Holiday homes.

      There are numerous individuals who need simply another property where they can come to and unwind and even spend their retirement days. In Cyprus, you discover a wide variety of holiday houses and some of them are located by the sea and might feature a pool of their own. This provides you the chance to do an exchange with owners of holiday homes in other parts around the world. What’s more? You could have your buddies visit your vacation house too. Vacation houses feature fantastic choices for individuals who have an interest in checking out Cyprus for luxury.

    Pitfalls to prevent when purchasing property in Cyprus.

    While buying property in Cyprus is such an attractive possibility, excellent offers often come with risks that one should look out for. Here will be provided prospective purchasers practical suggestions that will help them to be extremely mindful when looking to purchase property in Paphos and other locations.

    A great deal of EU/non-EU individuals that have a high net worth constantly reveal an interest in acquiring Cyprus property and look to do so by means of the financial investment programme which grants citizenship or residency. When looking to buy property in Cyprus, continue reading to find out some mistakes that are worth avoiding. You will likewise find the very best methods to guarantee a smooth and effective property purchase.

    • Disregarding to designate a property attorney.
      It is highly critical that you appoint a lawyer with a specialized in the property. One of the greatest mistakes that many people make is to add their signature to a purchase contract which is provided to them by a developer.
      If you are seeking to purchase property in Paphos or other areas in Cyprus, you ought to endeavor to find a legal representative who is reputable and is fluent in your own language. Likewise, the lawyer should not have any connections to any of the parties that become part of such deal. With a good lawyer, prospective risks will be easy to prevent. In a nutshell, a property purchase is a big financial investment, and you need to never ever get included without employing the services of an expert property legal representative.
    • Avoid residential or commercial properties under ownership conflict.
      In divorce procedures, residential or commercial properties can come under an ownership dispute. There are a great deal of examples where the ownership dispute can exist with respect to the property. To bypass all of these pitfalls, it is necessary that you purchase your property from a developer with a great track record. However, it might not constantly be possible since, in current times, developers and now ending up being intermediaries for resale homes.
    • Concealed commissions.
      When buying property in Cyprus has to do with covert costs regarding transfer fees or BARREL expense, another very expensive risk that you could experience. These cost can vary in between 1.5% and go as high as 19% of the agreed price of the property you are purchasing. The very best way to prevent these kinds of expenses is to employ the services of an attorney with a good reputation who can assist you with the best referrals.
    • Not considering all related costs.
      It is very crucial that you calculate the barrel, transfer charges, disbursements, taxes on stationary residential or commercial properties, Legal costs, stamp duties, and more that apply to purchases in realty. This need to be done really early to assist you draw up a comprehensive budget.
      In Cyprus, developers and advisors frequently misunderstand and misinterpret barrel. When you make an uninformed decision with respect to vat when purchasing property, will find out that you experience difficulties with handling your properties the way you want or will deal with barrel liabilities that are considerable.
    • Paying the appointment cost without a composed appointment contract.
      A purchaser who chooses to pay the agent a charge of reservation should make sure that a contract is written and is designated by a perfect attorney which validates the amount that was paid, how the refund process will be carried out, the property’s full value which can be lowered in certain cases, signing the sale contract while not undertaking due diligence, and more. Attorneys are not under any responsibility to carry out due diligence automatically, a legal representative that is respectable need to be able to do this.
      In 2011, a specific law concerning efficiency was introduced by the government of Cyprus to precede a sale agreement for pre-existing home mortgages. You are encouraged to carry out a check to figure out if any land is under a home mortgage before being purchased to bypass issues that might occur later on.
    • Carelessness to pin down every agreement.
      A property purchase must endeavor to make sure that every condition are detailed out in the sales contract including all extras. Do not neglect to consist of inventories of repairs or damages that are essential.
    • Not transferring the agreement of sale.
      It is essential that you deposit the agreement of sale at the land pc registry and this should be done within the defined window according to the regulations. If you fail to do so, crucial legal rights will be removed off you. However, the agreement of sale should be stamped as stated by the law otherwise there are penalties that use.
    • Not focusing on product contracts that are connected to the property.
      Many luxury villas in Cyprus require that a contract is carried out with respect to property management. Designers are frequently understood to supply this service. Material arrangements require concrete attention in order to comprehend every clause, time, and condition which will guarantee that the property of the buyer is secured while you are absent from Cyprus.
    • Carelessness to make your will.
      With respect to stationary property, the Cyprus law is supreme and has aspects of enforced heirship. Well, there are particular type of purchasers who are fortunate by law and are not bound but can create a will that specifies how their property ought to be given.

    Taking hints from the experiences of purchasers that purchased property in places like Spain, France, Greece, along with Cyprus, and are now knotted in a lot of legal fights. This does not suggest that your dream of purchasing property is crushed since all over the world, millions of foreigners who have a high net worth are now buying residential or commercial properties evermore.

    If you’re looking to invest in property in Cyprus, it is paramount that you prevent these mistakes. This will help me to prevent a lot of potential problems that are connected with acquiring property in Cyprus.

    There are property specialists all over Cyprus that help purchasers from different parts of the world to make investments in the new build residential or commercial properties in Cyprus to help them match the requirements of the Golden Visa.

    If you are reading this, you most likely currently have a strong interest in Cyprus, however it is possible that you have not inspected out all the options with regard to choosing what kind of property to purchase. Continue reading to find out some mistakes that are worth avoiding when looking to buy property in Cyprus. If you are looking to buy property in Paphos or other areas in Cyprus, you ought to endeavor to find a legal representative who is trusted and is fluent in your own language. In a nutshell, a property purchase is a huge financial investment, and you need to never get included without getting the services of a professional property attorney.

    The Paphos location guide

    Destinations and sights

    Paphos is a diverse, dynamic city divided into two main sections. This consists of Kato Paphos, or Lower, too Ktima Paphos, or Upper. The two areas are divided by a central highway and offer significantly various vibes.

    Kato Paphos is the prime area for local tourist, based around a palm-fringed seafront. Here you’ll discover a number of the city’s leading resorts, bars and restaurants, in addition to quieter backstreets and historical sites from the Roman to medieval eras.

    Kato Paphos is also home to among the city’s star tourist attractions, the Paphos Archaeological Park, which offers unique access to ancient Roman ruins. Ktima Paphos, by contrast, is the modern-day industrial centre, with stores, museums and colonial structures.

    Located in Cyprus, Paphos uses a practical home to additional travel throughout the attractive island. Referred to as the birthplace of Aphrodite, you’ll see sea and mountain landscapes that appear right out of myth.

    Paphos caters to all interests and ages, whether you’re interested in exploring Cyprus’ fascinating heritage and culture or merely unwinding on the beach. Wine sailing, tasting and golfing are just a couple of activities to take pleasure in here. Get outdoors and check out the Aphrodite Water Park with its heart-pounding tourist attractions, or area colourful plumage at the Pafos Zoo. There are a variety of pleasant walks in the location, including the seaside path which extends from Geroskipou Beach to the Tombs of the Kings historical site.

    In addition to the Tombs of the Kings, an emphasize of whenever spent in Paphos is exploring the Archaeological Park. Its entryway is near the main harbour and it holds a really excellent collection of Roman artefacts and rental properties. A few of these can be dated to the second century BC, consisting of elaborate mosaics and an Odeon constructed from limestone bricks.

    Coffee shops and dining establishments

    Whether you are craving conventional Cypriot food or an Indian takeaway, you’ll be well-served with the extensive choice of internationally-influenced dining establishments in Paphos.

    For a local dining experience, go to one of the city’s standard tavernas. One dining establishment particularly well understood among locals is Tyrimos Seafood Restaurant.

    7 St Georges is a popular choice for seasonal meze. They also offer a range of meatless meze for those wanting to sample vegetarian Cypriot cuisine.

    Shops

    Style and artisan goods can be found in Paphos’ diverse shops. For global trademark name and a modern-day retail experience, go to the city’s primary shopping center. These include the Kings Avenue and Paphos Shopping Mall, which are both air-conditioned for your comfort.

    There’s a branch of the British department store Debenhams in Paphos, as well as big grocery stores such as Papantonious, Carrefour and Orphanides Express. Nikodimou Mylona Street is lined with designer shops, making it a fantastic choice for local fashionistas.

    If you’re after smaller, more specific stores, venture near the harbour to discover independent stores offering great lace, leather, pottery, and embroidery products.

    Travel

    Travel links can vary a little depending upon the season. During the summertime, when tourism remains in high equipment, there are regular charter flights into Paphos International Airport and hourly bus services linking the airport with Kato Paphos. The frequency of flights and buses lessens a little during the winter.

    Within Paphos, it’s possible to check out the city on foot for the most part, though bus services are available to connect Ktima and Kato Paphos. The local transport authority is OSYPA.

    There is a bus station near the central harbour, which supplies linking services to significant tourist attractions, including Aphrodite’s Rock and all nearby suburban areas. Taxi cabs are plentiful and donkey trips provide a special way to get around the city.

    Paphos is a diverse, dynamic city divided into two primary sections. This consists of Kato Paphos, or Lower, as well Ktima Paphos, or Upper. In addition to the Tombs of the Kings, an emphasize of any time invested in Paphos is checking out the Archaeological Park. These include the Kings Opportunity and Paphos Mall, which are both air-conditioned for your convenience.

    During the summer months, when tourist is in high gear, there are routine charter flights into Paphos International Airport and hourly bus services connecting the airport with Kato Paphos.

    Videos About Paphos

    Learn More About Kato Akourdhalia – WikiPedia

    Kato Akourdhalia (Greek: Κάτω Ακουρδάλια) (alternative spellings are Kato Akourdalia or Kato Akourdaleia) is a village in the Paphos District of Cyprus, located 2 km northwest of Miliou.

    The name ‘Akourdhalia’ has several purported roots. The first is from the French ‘a cour de l’eau’, meaning “in the course of the water”, or ‘Au cœur de l’eau’ meaning ‘in the heart of water’ or ‘à cœur de lion’, meaning “with a lion’s heart”, which hearkens back to the time of the Kingdom of Cyprus where Provençal was spoken as well as Cypriot Greek. Another interpretation refers to the local dialect word ‘korda’, that has two possible meanings. The first is the long strong rope made in the village and the second, for wild garlic which grows in abundance in the surrounding fields. Nearchos Klerides, who extensively researched the origins of names of towns and villages in Cyprus, believed in the “string” interpretation of “korda” as a special belt that the villagers or the members of the Lusignan battalion wore around their waist. A final interpretation is the combination of two Greek words translating to ‘listen to the birds’. A point to note is that during the Venetian rule of Cyprus (1489 – 1571) the village is recorded under the name Quardia (the term meaning Garrison or Guard).

    On the outskirts of Kato Akourdhalia is a track which leads to the recently restored church of Agia Paraskevi which is said to date back to the 15th century. Originally, the church was full of frescoes but now most of them are faded or have totally disappeared. There is a stone altar inside with the remains of an old icon dedicated to the Virgin Mary.

    Amongst the traditionally-styled whitewashed houses nestling between almond trees, there is a small coffee shop in Kato Akourdhalia. Also to be found is what used to be the village manor house, which has a rich history dating back over a hundred years. The building has since been renovated and converted into a group of self-catering suites for holidaymakers with a restaurant downstairs offering traditional Cypriot cuisine.

    The Museum of Folk Art is situated high on the hillside in the old schoolhouse. The museum houses various interesting artefacts from years gone by, many of which were used to cultivate small areas of land with wheat, chickpeas and barley. There are hand ploughs with stout wooden shafts and several large metal sieves used for sifting the soil. There are traditional costumes too, and there are faded old photographs of the village men resplendent in their vrakas and stout leather boots and the women in dresses of striped hand-woven cotton with matching headscarves and large protective aprons. The villagers would wear these costumes for all big celebrations and would weave the cloth on large wooden looms like the one that stands proudly in the corner, as well as making colourful rugs for the walls and floors of their homes.

    Outside the museum, a traditional clay bread oven can be seen with its smaller side oven that is used to cook the popular local dish kleftiko, which is chunks of lamb that are baked slowly in terracotta pots with marjoram. Close by, stands a zivania still which was used at the end of the grape harvest to make the local variety of fire water. As well as making your head spin, zivania is also known for its medicinal properties. So you can either drink the stuff to forget about your aches and pains, or rub it into any sore areas – the end result is the same.

    Rupert Gunnis, describing the village in 1936, stated that:

    “The lower village… contains a ruined chapel dedicated to the Panagia. It is also known as the Church of the Hill Covered with Shrubs. A curious legend lingers in the village of a wealthy and eccentric Englishman who lived here in the early years of the nineteenth century, and his house is still pointed out by the villagers.”

    About Cyprus – WikiPedia

    Cyprus (), officially called the Republic of Cyprus, is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean. It is the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean, and is located north of Egypt; northwest of Lebanon, Palestine, and Israel; west of Syria; southeast of Greece; and south of Turkey.

    The earliest known human activity on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world. Cyprus was settled by Mycenaean Greeks in two waves in the 2nd millennium BC. As a strategic location in the Eastern Mediterranean, it was subsequently occupied by several major powers, including the empires of the Assyrians, Egyptians and Persians, from whom the island was seized in 333 BC by Alexander the Great. Subsequent rule by Ptolemaic Egypt, the Classical and Eastern Roman Empire, Arab caliphates for a short period, the French Lusignan dynasty and the Venetians, was followed by over three centuries of Ottoman rule between 1571 and 1878 (de jure until 1914).

    Cyprus was placed under the UK’s administration based on the Cyprus Convention in 1878 and was formally annexed by the UK in 1914. While Turkish Cypriots made up 18% of the population, the partition of Cyprus and creation of a Turkish state in the north became a policy of Turkish Cypriot leaders and Turkey in the 1950s. Turkish leaders for a period advocated the annexation of Cyprus to Turkey as Cyprus was considered an “extension of Anatolia” by them; while, since the 19th century, the majority Greek Cypriot population and its Orthodox church had been pursuing union with Greece, which became a Greek national policy in the 1950s. Following nationalist violence in the 1950s, Cyprus was granted independence in 1960. The crisis of 1963–64 brought further intercommunal violence between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, which displaced more than 25,000 Turkish Cypriots into enclaves and brought the end of Turkish Cypriot representation in the republic. On 15 July 1974, a coup d’état was staged by Greek Cypriot nationalists and elements of the Greek military junta in an attempt at enosis, the incorporation of Cyprus into Greece. This action precipitated the Turkish invasion of Cyprus on 20 July, which led to the capture of the present-day territory of Northern Cyprus in the following month, after a ceasefire collapsed, and the displacement of over 150,000 Greek Cypriots and 50,000 Turkish Cypriots. A separate Turkish Cypriot state in the north was established by unilateral declaration in 1983; the move was widely condemned by the international community, with Turkey alone recognising the new state. These events and the resulting political situation are matters of a continuing dispute.

    The Republic of Cyprus has de jure sovereignty over the entire island, including its territorial waters and exclusive economic zone, with the exception of the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, which remain under the UK’s control according to the London and Zürich Agreements. However, the Republic of Cyprus is de facto partitioned into two main parts: the area under the effective control of the Republic, located in the south and west and comprising about 59% of the island’s area, and the north, administered by the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, covering about 36% of the island’s area. Another nearly 4% of the island’s area is covered by the UN buffer zone. The international community considers the northern part of the island to be territory of the Republic of Cyprus occupied by Turkish forces. The occupation is viewed as illegal under international law and amounting to illegal occupation of EU territory since Cyprus became a member of the European Union.

    Cyprus is a major tourist destination in the Mediterranean. With an advanced, high-income economy and a very high Human Development Index, the Republic of Cyprus has been a member of the Commonwealth since 1961 and was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement until it joined the European Union on 1 May 2004. On 1 January 2008, the Republic of Cyprus joined the eurozone.

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