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    Famagusta

    Famagusta

    Famagusta, Greek Ammókhostos, Turkish Gazi Mağusa, a major port in the Turkish Cypriot-administered portion of northern Cyprus. It pushes the island’s east coast in a bay in between Capes Greco and Eloea and is about 37 miles (55 km) east of Nicosia. The port has the inmost harbour in Cyprus.

    Famagusta is a Frankish corruption of its Greek name, which means “buried in the sand,” descriptive of the silted mouth of the Pedieos River north of the town. It was founded as Arsinoe by the Macedonian Egyptian king Ptolemy II (308– 246 BCE).

    An influx of Christian refugees fleeing the downfall of Acre (1291) in Palestine briefly transformed it from a tiny village into one of the richest cities in Christendom. The Lusignan kings of Cyprus were crowned as kings of Jerusalem in Famagusta’s 14th-century Gothic-style cathedral of St. Nicholas, which is now a mosque. In 1372 the port was taken by Genoa and in 1489 by Venice.
    The Venetians made Famagusta the capital of Cyprus and renovated the town’s strongholds. Though damaged by war and earthquakes, and now only partially populated, the old walled and bastioned town contains some of the finest examples of medieval military architecture extant.

    The walls are 50 feet (15 metres) high and 27 feet (8 metres) thick in places, and north of the well-preserved sea gate (rebuilt 1492) stands the castle called Othello’s Tower, so called due to the fact that a lieutenant-governor of Cyprus (1506– 08) named Christoforo Moro was presumably the design for the title character in Shakespeare’s play Othello. Famagusta was up to the Turks after a bitter and prolonged siege in 1570– 71.

    The British occupied Cyprus from 1878 to 1960. They developed extensive harbour setups at Famagusta, which ended up being a marine base in World War II. During the British administration, a modern-day suburban area called Varosha was established south of Famagusta as a business centre and tourist resort. After the Turkish intervention in 1974, Varosha was sealed off to civilians and tourist ceased.

    Settlers from mainland Turkey were moved in Famagusta, parts of Varosha (after 1976), and in the surrounding citrus-growing areas. Famagusta is now home to the Eastern Mediterranean University, which opened in 1986. Ferry service, started in 1978 in between Mersin, Turkey, and Latakia, Syria, consists of Famagusta in its run. Pop. (2006) 34,803.

    Famagusta History

    Famagusta History

    The town of Famagusta was originally a small commercial port and fishing town. The name of the city in Turkish is Gazimagusa, and in Greek, Ammokhostos. The name Famagusta is a Frankish corruption of the Greek name. It pushes the eastern coast in a bay in between capes Greco and Eloea, and possesses the inmost harbour in Cyprus

    Much of the history of the town is unknown as there are no written records, and our only source material is from travellers’ accounts of merchants passing through. It is thought that the city inhabits the site of the ancient town of Arsinoe.

    To the north of Famagusta lie the ruins of Salamis. This city is believed to have actually been founded in the 11th Century BC, being deserted in 648AD after the combined catastrophes of earthquakes and raids by Arab pirates. The population of Salamis then moved to Famagusta.

    The Venetian Palace, famagusta, North Cyprus.
    The Venetian Palace
    In 1291, an increase of Christian refugees leaving the failure of Acre in Palestine transformed it from a small town into among the wealthiest cities in Christendom. By the year 1300, the town was one of the primary markets in the eastern Mediterranean, and headquarters of lots of Christian spiritual orders, as can be seen by the numerous churches of a number of denominations that can still be seen today.

    A street in Famagusta, North Cyprus. Lala Mustafa Pasa Mosque in the backgroung
    A Famagusta Street
    In 1372, the port was taken by the Genoese. Rivalries in between the Genoese and the Venetians made for an unstable peace, nevertheless the island as a whole was still under the rule of the Lusignans.
    This pertained to an end when the last Lusignan king conveniently died at the age of one, leaving no successor. His mom, who was Venetian, was encouraged to hand over the kingdom to the Venetians and in 1489 they assumed control of the island, moving the capital from Nicosia to Famagusta, ruling the entire island from there.

    The Venetians saw Cyprus as a military base, and invested their time on the island strengthening the significant cities. The innovation of gunpowder and using cannon made the existing defences outdated, and the Venetians redesigned the defences for using weapons.
    The medieval square towers were replaced with round ones, and all along the walls and citadels cannon portholes were placed. Most of this fortification can be still be seen; indeed the Land Gate (Ravelin), is the primary pedestrian entryway into the old city to this day.

    Relations in between the Venetians and the Ottomans were stressful to say the least. Venetian seizure of Turkish ships, execution of Turkish corsairs in infraction of an Ottoman-Venetian Treaty, and the continuing existence of Maltese pirates in Venetian ports bothering Muslim pilgrims and interfering in general commerce, finally triggered the Sultan to intervene.

    Church of St George of the Latins, Famagusta, North Cyprus
    St George of the Latins Church
    He acted to put an end to this state of affairs, as well as to consolidate the Ottoman control of the East in general. In 1570, an Ottoman armada put the town under a siege which lasted from January to October 1571, by which time, Cyprus came under the overall control of the Ottomans.

    Ravished by war and earthquakes, the old walled town is now only partially inhabited, but it contains some of the finest examples of medieval military architecture still current today, along with the 14th Century Gothic design St Nicholas Cathedral, now a mosque.

    Outside the city, the spectacular ruins of Salamis offer an insight into long-lost civilisations, and consist of a splendid amphitheatre, Roman baths, a gymnasium and royal burial places. Inland from Famagusta are the church and monastery of St Barnabas, who was martyred at Salamis in 52 ADVERTISEMENT. The church has been protected as it was when it was deserted in 1976.
    There is a fantastic collection of 18th Century icons inside the church, and the monastery cloisters now house an archaeological museum.

    At the end of June every year, Famagusta plays host to a world distinguished Culture and Arts Festival.

    In 2007, Famagusta was listed as a threatened heritage website by the World Monument Fund.

    FAMAGUSTA TOP 20 PLACES

    1. Cape Greko National Park

      Check out the multitude of intriguing nature tracks lined with pine trees and a varied botanical splendour whilst stopping briefly to take in the amazing views from the sea cliffs looking down to the beautiful Mediterranean Sea. Many benches are spread out along these tracks to take a break from the walk and admire the environments in stillness.
      Among these nature routes kinds part of the European Far Away Trail E4, ranging from Cyprus to Gibraltar. Then there’s the Aphrodite nature path which extends 2 km along the North-East coast of Cape Greko which doubles up as a Cultural Path due to the legendary birthplace of Aphrodite.

    2. Nissi Beach

      The beach Nissi Beach lies 3.5 kilometers West of Ayia Napa’s town centre. It is covered with fine golden sand and it is well protected from the winds, hence the moderate waves. It is a beach with a rocky formation on its main and Western part. On the Eastern side of the beach, there is a small islet located a brief range from the coastline (45 metres).
      Due to the low-depth water between the small islet and the main coast, however likewise due to the relatively brief distance in between these two points and the impact of the seaside waves, we observe the union of the beach with the island through the formation of a distinct sand lane.
      This phenomenon is exceptional and is considered a landmark, both for Ayia Napa and for Cyprus in general. In the instant area there are accommodation facilities readily available for rent, dining establishments, a kiosk, and family friendly bars.

    3. Thalassa Municipal Museum

      The museum has the sea as its subject-matter. The exhibits cover a chronological period, from paleontological to ancient periods till present times and consists of among other displays the reproduction of a Mesolithic (9200 B.C.) papyrus vessel, a specific life size replica of the ancient ship of Kyrenia of the Classical period (400 B.C.), a traditional Cypriot ship of 19th century, referred to as “Passara”.
      The sea museum likewise houses Cypriot antiquities, bones and skulls of endemic pygmy hippopotamus and elephants of Cyprus (8000 years of ages) as well as fossilized displays such as sea-urchin, and corals. Visitors can likewise look at stuffed mammals, fish, sea turtles and marine organism such as shells, barnacles, starfish, sponges, crabs, lobsters, and marine plants. These are simply a few of the native examples on display screen which originate from all around the island.

    4. Fig Tree Bay (Protaras)

      The bay is named after the solitary fig tree which stands at the headland of the beach and has ignored the bay ever since its arrival with eastern invaders in the 17th century.
      Fig-tree bay is Protaras’ seaside jewel in the crown. Its crystal clear waters and fine-grained, golden sand has made the beach very popular and is why it features today on Tripadvisor as among the best beaches in Europe.
      It has actually been granted the prestigious Blue Flag for its outstanding water quality and public facilities and it is a Green Beach under the eco-initiative “Green Cyprus Beaches”.
      The islet at its north only serves to add to its splendour while at the same time assisting to keep the sea calm. It is easily available for exploration by daring swimmers. Fig Tree Bay provides excellent facilities, consisting of sunbeds and parasols readily available for hire and a large range of water sports such as water skiing and paragliding. It offers handicapped access and is supervised by lifeguards.

    5. Profitis Elias Chapel (Protaras)

      The Byzantine church of Prophet Elias was built in 1984, around the older ancient chapel. Set on a 100m high granite hill a short range from the heart of Protaras, it stands apart as an enforcing landmark.
      It was constructed using native stones of the area, blending in with the natural environments of the location. The chapel is especially amazing in the evenings when it is lit up from all sides. Rising the 156 steep actions to the chapel of Prophet Elias rewards the visitor with magnificent breathtaking views of the area.
      Including it base is the various colored, cosmopolitan traveler location of Protaras. Due east is the large expanse of the Mediterranean Sea with its crystal blue waters. Looking north you can see Famagusta, Pentadaktylos, and on a clear day one might even see the Karpasia Peninsula; all of which are in the occupied part of Cyprus.!

    6. Ayia Thekla Beach & Chapel

      Agia Thekla (Saint Thekla) is a small beach called after the old little church which is has actually stood there for centuries. The beach, which lies a couple of kilometers from Agia Napa, is covered with fine golden sand and surrounded by crystal blue waters. The general area of Ayia Thekla is a huge advancement of villas, and a mix of residential and holiday lettings.
      The seafront location of Ayia Thekla has its own beach as well as lots of smaller, remote areas along the coast. Explore this wonderful location and take in the harmony and charm.

    7. Ayia Napa Monastery

      No one knows exactly when the Abbey was constructed. The cavern, the hiding place and the well, testifies to the presence of a Christian community there throughout the Byzantine years (11th century). The very first part of the temple was constructed during the Frankish duration (13th– 14th century), while the rest of the Abbey was completed in the 15th century.
      As the Abbey stands today it is extensively accepted that is a building and construction of the 15th century, a time during which Cyprus was under the Venetian program.The monastery is held as the most popular landmark in the heart of Ayia Napa. It is accessible to everybody who desires to study it, or light a candle light for a liked one, and is located in the main square, about 2km far from the harbour.
      Amongst a few of the well-known visitors of the monastery was the Nobel Prize poet Giorgos Seferis, a Greek male, who was awestruck by the appeal he witnessed when he visited it. He decided to devote a hymn to the Monastery, therefore composing the poem “Ayia Napa B’ “which can be discovered in his collection of poems titled “Emerologio Katastromatos C” (Logbook III.).

    8. Cape Greko Environmental Center

      The Cape Greko Environmental Center consists of 3 fish tanks which provide the marine environments of Cape Greko location and host fish of the area. In addition the architectural design has been granted the first prize in the Architecture Competitors.
      The guests enter the Environmental Center by a properly set up corridor. Furthermore in the lobby there is a store, which provide keepsakes from the location of the National forest of Cape Greko. Passing the lobby, the visitor go into the location of informative lectures and exhibition.
      At that point the visitor can be notified about the terrestrial, marine and underwater wealth of the region. In the media area there is an academic location. In addition experienced personnel provide courses to school trainees, about Cape Greko (Kavo Gkreko), Cyprus and the natural environment in general.

    9. Sea Caves (Cape Greko)

      There are lots of caverns along the shoreline from Agia Napa to Cape Greko National Forest. Lots of people come here to snorkel and the residents come here before the daybreak to fish. The Palace caves and the Smugglers caves are deep passages in to the cliffs which are just accessible from the sea. Some extend as deep as 240 feet in to the rock.
      During calm seas and at low tide it is possible to swim and even stroll in to most of them. Although they have a rock-strewn environment the waters are splendidly clear. Boat trips routinely go by daily. There are spots of deep water amongst the rocks where spirited folks take part in the severe sports of cliff diving/jumping.

    10. Ayios Nikolaos Chapel & Fishing Shelter (Protaras)

      The small scenic harbour of Agios Nicolaos (Saint Nikolas) is located in the resort of Pernera and is overlooked by the chapel which lends its name to the harbor. The simple chapel adds a charm and suppressed charm to the harbor area.
      You can rest and enjoy a coffee while taking in the peace-inducing views of the sea and the harbor and enjoying the sea vessels reoccur on the waters. At sundown the entire landscapes takes a more awesome view.
      In an effort to honor their protector– Saint Nicolaos – everybody associated with marine occupations in Paralimni, chose to develop a chapel committed to him (the saint is considered by all Cypriots to be the protector for the seas). The chapel is found beside the sea overlooking the harbor where fishermen connect their boats.
      Small in size, whitewashed with a blue painted dome, the chapel of Agios Nicolaos, is similar to some of the chapels found on the Aegean islands.

    11. Konnos Beach

      Found to the East of Agia Napa Konnos bay stands out from within the Cape Greco national forest. Found in between Protaras and Agia Napa the beach is prominent for its white sands and crystal water. Flanked by rocky hills filled with evergreen the roadway to the beach offers outstanding chances for amazing pictures.
      Access is likewise by means of the Grecian Park Hotel above. Special plastic sun beds custom-made for this beach and which can be used on water, are offered for rent. Lots of yachters drop anchor here to unwind for hours.

    12. Limanaki (Ayia Napa Harbour)

      This contemporary harbour is totally renovated with a large fleet of fishing boats, speed boats, sailboats and cruise ships. The land mass incorporates pedestrian lanes which lead to the two lighthouses situated in the location.
      The lovely Ayia Napa Harbour is absolutely among the highlights of the town, after Cape Greco and the Medieval Monastery. Numerous decades ago, the harbour was merely a tiny bay with a few fishing boats.
      In the beginning of the 70’s, the first breakwater was built which essentially marked the beginning of the existing development of the harbor. The area around the harbour includes an open theatre, water fountains, old-style cafes, fish pubs and dining establishments. The atmosphere around the attractive harbour is a palpable adornment and it is rightfully classified among the most contemporary and colorful harbours in Cyprus.

    13. Makronisos Beach

      Makronisos Beach lies 5 km west from Ayia Napa’s centre. It is a golden sandy beach, covered with waves of typical strength. The beach was originally formed by a cluster of small bays. The small bays extend towards various directions; the first is Westerly, the second Southwest, and the 3rd Southeast Awards.
      There are accommodation facilities available for rent, restaurants, a kiosk, and other conveniences in the area. You can likewise check out the Necropolis (ancient city) of Makronisos and stroll eastwards towards the beach Vathia Yonia, or head west towards Ayia Thekla beach.

    14. Famagusta Windmills

      The windmills made their first appearance in Paralimni in the beginning of the 20th century and were used by farmers to pump water up for the irrigation of their fields. They quickly increased in number and as a result, Protaras, its most efficient area, is typically referred to as the land of windmills.
      The antiquated windmills were later on changed by mechanical pumps. Today, the large number of old windmills testifies to the ingenuity and efficiency of a bygone age while lending a quaint, nostalgic appeal to the landscape of the area.

    15. Kokkinochoria (Red Soil Villages)

      Inland from the popular holiday resorts of Agia Napa and Paralimni/ Protaras, with their golden sandy beaches and turquoise seas, are a variety of stunning villages in a location referred to as the “Kokkinochoria”, meaning Red Soil villages, thanks to the red earth in which the potatoes that the location is popular for are grown.
      Enjoy the regional people operating in the fields cultivating potatoes or kolocase, Cyprus’ well-known root veggie.

    16. Ayia Napa Sculpture Park

      The Sculpture Park is an area of 20.000 square metres discovered on the crossroad of Cavo Greco Avenue and Kryou Nerou. It is an area of amazing natural beauty and breathtaking panoramic view.
      It’s a park gem, the first of its kind which acts as a sanctuary of culture, not just for Ayia Napa, however also for the entire free location of Famagusta district. The park is decorated with sculptures which have been created by a variety of worldwide recognized artists who participate in the Sculpture Seminar arranged every year by the Municipality of Ayia Napa.

    17. Famagusta District Wedding Venues

      The Agia Napa– Protaras– Famagusta Region besides being the most popular location for summertime vacations, also uses a few of the most exciting and lovely places for the most crucial day of your life. With four Towns (Agia Napa, Paralimni/Protaras, Deryneia and Sotira) all within a 10 minute drive, you can find all kinds of wedding places to pick from.

    18. Ayia Napa Waterworld (Waterpark)

      Ayia Napa Waterpark is located on Ayia Theklis Street, on the west entrance of Ayia Napa. It is one of the twelve best water parks worldwide according to American Television Network CNN, with acclaimed global prizes and distinctions.
      The Waterpark is an ancient Greek folklore themed park. What makes it so unique is the truth that the depicted Greek characters of the water park are shown in a simple yet reasonably portrayed method throughout the park, including the water slides and the huge selection of games discovered in all the entertainment locations, such as the Fish Health Club and the Go Karts.

    19. Mini Cruises & Boat Trips

      A holiday to Ayia Napa & Protaras is not complete without a boat trip. A boat trip is a fun day out for anybody wishing to see the stunning shoreline in this area or simply do something various to the usual beach activities. The coast on the eastern side of Cyprus is controlled by the dramatic summit of Cape Greco.
      You can also look upon the natural rock structures in the sea caverns and delight in the mid ocean breeze as you cruise towards the ghost town of Famagusta during a day cruise. The majority of boat trips journey pass the popular and idyllic cove at Konnos bay or the Blue Lagoon where you can stop for a swim in the gorgeous waters.

    20. Famagusta District Diving Centres

      Cape Greko has a variety of stunning dive sites with simple gain access to from the coast. Whether you are a newbie or a knowledgeable scuba diver – you will discover a lot of dive sites to interest you around the famous Cape Greko, which lies between Ayia Napa and Protaras. All dive websites are within a 10 minute driving range from your hotel.
      If you are staying in the Ayia Napa or Protaras resorts, as a beginner scuba diver you will be required to the quaint “Green Bay” inlet, where you will dive in an area that is cluttered with ancient pottery that is fused into the rocks.
      Feed the huge varieties of fish that wait to welcome the scuba divers, and get photos to reveal loved ones your special dive which will consist of the awesome phenomenon of the ancient Greek statues which will make your experience one to bear in mind. The most interesting dive websites in Ayia Napa & Protaras are the 6 following: Green Bay, Cyclop’s caverns, Canyon Caves, Liberty Wreck, Chapel, and the Nemesis III Wreck.

    21. Nightlife in Ayia Napa

      Ayia Napa has some of the best nightlife in Europe, with a wide choice of clubs and over seventy bars – there is something for everyone in Ayia Napa. It is packed with bars, clubs and entertainment to fit every taste and budget; from the current EDM, Hip Hop, Home and RnB, right through to rock music, acoustic efficiencies– and naturally, karaoke.

    Famagusta Property Types – 3 Important Considerations You Need to Remember

    Famagusta Property Types

    Since its establishment in 1950, the municipality of Famagusta has had a hand in making some important decisions on what type of properties to build or lease. While these choices have been quite obvious, the way in which many of these decisions were made are often overlooked. The result is that we still live with an incredibly limited amount of Famagusta property choices available.

    If you are interested in buying property in this beautiful part of Northern Cyprus, here are a few factors to keep in mind.

    Famagusta Property Types – While there are many different types of land, buildings, and other structures that make up the city of Famagusta, they are grouped into three basic categories. These categories include housing, commercial, and recreational purposes.

    You will find that there are several buildings that can be built on a variety of these three areas. Each of these categories is unique and allows for differing land and building options. When shopping around for real estate, you will want to look at these three areas and see if one of them matches your needs. This will help ensure that you get the best value for your money and property.

    The Real Estate Market – Despite the great reputation that the local real estate market has earned as the best in the region, the area is not as saturated as some of the surrounding areas. This means that there are plenty of new buyers and sellers, so it is easy to find something that you like and feel comfortable in. While the market may be slow, it is always worth the effort to try out a place before making a decision.

    By doing so, you can get an idea of how to price your home and how many units you need. This will also give you the chance to shop for a property that offers you the right amount of square footage and amenities for you to enjoy.

    Getting a Realtor – Because the real estate market is so hot right now, you will want to make sure that you get a good realtor to assist you in your purchase. A good Realtor will know the areas and neighborhoods that offer the most potential.

    In addition, they will have a detailed knowledge of all of the local tax rules and regulations that are in effect. They can also help you understand the ins and outs of purchasing property in this area. This knowledge will be invaluable when shopping for Famagusta property.

    City Planning and Development – Because this area of Cyprus has a population that is almost half a million, there are some things that the city planning and development department are responsible for.

    These activities include making sure that the city has a good water source, a sewage system, and electricity grid. Additionally, they also need to ensure that the city’s development is consistent with the overall design of the entire community. This makes it a priority to make sure that all residents are able to access the amenities and facilities that they need.

    The Importance of Real Estate Agents – The real estate agents that work in this part of Cyprus to work with both property buyers and sellers. This makes it very important to be able to deal with people who are both knowledgeable about the area and able to help you get the best deal possible.

    There are many reasons that you will need to rely on a reputable realtor, such as the fact that they can act as your advocate and make sure you get the best deal possible.

    Where to Buy Property in Famagusta

    For those interested in buying property in the Northern part of Cyprus, there are many places where you can look for a good investment. However, there are also many risks involved. Therefore, it is important for you to choose a location that will be beneficial to you and your family. You should therefore consider a variety of factors to help you decide where to buy property in Famagusta, Cyprus.

    One such factor to consider is the amount of money you have available. Although you can purchase property in Famagusta for a low price, it may not necessarily mean that you will get your money’s worth. Therefore, you will need to think carefully before making the final decision.

    You can either use your credit card or bank account to pay for your purchase. However, you will find that some banks and other financial institutions are not willing to give out loan if they do not feel you are able to repay the loan. Thus, it is better to borrow only the money you can afford to pay back.

    There are also other such factors to consider when buying property in Famagusta. One of these is the availability of schools. There are many schools available, both inside and outside the city. If you would like to live in one of the well-known areas, you might want to consider getting your education in a nearby school.

    When you decide where to buy property in Famagusta, you should also consider whether it is safe to live in. Famagusta is a relatively safe city. It is located on the western side of Cyprus and has plenty of commercial and residential properties to choose from. However, it is not as safe as the eastern side of Cyprus.

    On the eastern side of Cyprus, there are many less populated areas where there are fewer major crime rates. The only major crime rate, you need to worry about here is petty theft. Therefore, if you need to buy property in Famagusta, you will probably find that it is easier to get an apartment or a house there rather than it is in the east.

    There are also many other things you can consider when you are looking for a place to purchase property in Famagusta. Just remember to make sure that you are careful with where you choose to buy property.

    It is important that you think about the different places you will want to live when looking for property. There are different types of apartments to choose from, so it will be easier for you to choose one suited to your needs. If you decide to rent a property, you will not have to pay for your own rent. You can also use your home as a vacation home, since there is plenty to do while you are there.

    There are many different ways to buy property in Famagusta, and you just have to make sure that you take the time to check out all the options. Before you know it, you will have all the money you need to invest in your home.

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